Steering failure ends with ship hitting pier

When a ship’s steering fails in restricted waters, time is of the essence. A recent Mars Report describes a ship that hit a pier after it lost control of its rudders. Moreover, the crew was so small, that it was hard to act upon the failing rudders.

The Mars reports are compiled (anonymously) by The Nautical Institute to prevent other accidents from happening. A summary of what happened in this case:

A small multi-purpose vessel crewed by a master, an officer and two ratings was up-bound in a river system. The OOW was alone on the bridge and the duty rating was making a safety inspection of the ship. The master had just been woken so that he could take over the navigational watch as planned.

The OOW switched from autopilot to manual (FFU tiller). About one minute later, he tried to make a course alteration to starboard and noticed that the rudder was not responding normally. He then switched to the second steering pump, but the rudder did not respond.

Next, the OOW set the engine control lever to STOP but the vessel was already very near two moored vessels on the port side. The vessel slid along the first moored vessel and then collided with the pier, between the first and second moored vessels, at about seven knots. The OOW had neither sounded the general alarm nor attempted to have the rating let go the anchor before the collision.

The master arrived on the bridge at the moment of the collision with the pier. The starboard side of the vessel was severely dented and a small crack had formed level with the waterline. The master sounded the general alarm and issued instructions for the two ratings to check inside the ship for damage.

Realising that it was not possible to control the rudder from the bridge, he went to the steering gear compartment where he switched to the backup rudder system, carried out a test, and found that the rudder now responded. He then started the main engine and began to manoeuvre the ship astern and away from the pier.

Investigation findings

After the accident, a service company discovered that the contacts of the steering switch were loose and corroded. Accordingly, in addition to the primary means of steering, the backup means of steering also failed.

Advice from The Nautical Institute

  • When the steering fails in restricted waters, time is of the essence and the stress on watchkeepers can be intense. Practice drills involving scenarios of this kind should be undertaken to help crew prepare for such eventualities.
  • With only four crew on this vessel, it is hard to imagine how a full and effective response to the steering failure could have been undertaken in time.

Mars Reports

This accident was covered in the Mars Reports, originally published as Mars 201979, that are part of Report Number 326. A selection of this Report has also been published in SWZ|Maritime’s January issue. The Nautical Institute compiles these reports to help prevent maritime accidents. That is why they are also published on SWZ|Maritime’s website.

More reports are needed to keep the scheme interesting and informative. All reports are read only by the Mars coordinator and are treated in the strictest confidence. To submit a report, please use the Mars report form.

Author: Mariska Buitendijk

Mariska Buitendijk is one of SWZ|Maritime's journalists as well as the magazine's copy editor.